Urine Analysis Mcq With Answers

urine analysis mcq with answers,urinalysis mcq pdf, microscopic examination of urine quiz,urinalysis questions and answer, mcq on microscopic examination of urine physical examination.




1. Which of the following is the urine specimen of choice for cytology studies?

A. First morning specimen

B. Random specimen

C. Midstream clean catch collection

D. Timed collection




Answer- B

2. Which of the following tests requires a timed urine collection?

A. Cytology studies

B. Creatinine clearance test

C. Routine urinalysis

D. Urine bacterial culture



Answer- B

3. Which of the following is the most common method used to preserve urine specimens?

A. Acid addition

B. Thymol addition

C. Freezing

D. Refrigeration



Answer- D

4. If refrigeration is used to preserve a urine specimen, which of the following may occur?

A. Cellular or bacterial glycolysis will be enhanced

B. Formed elements will be destroyed

C. Amorphous crystals may precipitate

D. Bacteria will proliferate




Answer- C


5. Which of the following urine preservatives is acceptable for both urinalysis and urine culture?

A. Boric acid

B. Chlorhexidine

C. Dowicil 200

D. Formalin



Answer- A

6. How much urine is usually required for a ‘manually’ performed routine urinalysis?

A. 3 to 5 mL

B. 10 to 15 mL

C. 20 to 30 mL

D. 50 to 100 mL




Answer- B

7. Which of the following substances is higher in urine than in any other body fluid?

A. Chloride

B. Creatinine

C. Glucose

D. Protein



Answer- B

8. Ultrafiltration of plasma occurs in glomeruli located in

the renal

A. cortex.

B. medulla.

C. pelvis.

D. ureter.



9. Which component of the nephron is located exclusively

in the renal medulla?

A. Collecting tubule

B. Distal tubule

C. Loop of Henle

D. Proximal tubule


Answer- C

10. The kidneys excrete excess alkali (base) in the urine as

A. ammonium ions.

B. ammonium salts.

C. sodium bicarbonate.

D. titratable acids.


Answer- C

11. Urine titratable acids can form when the ultrafiltrate


A. ammonia.

B. bicarbonate.

C. phosphate.

D. sodium.


Answer- C

12. Which vascular component is involved in the renal

Counter current exchange mechanism?

A. Afferent arteriole

B. Efferent arteriole

C. Glomerulus

D. Vasa recta


Answer- D

13. The final concentration of the urine is determined

within the

A. collecting ducts.

B. distal convoluted tubules.

C. loops of Henle.

D. proximal convoluted tubules.


Answer- A

14. Another name for excessive thirst is

A. polydipsia.

B. polyuria.

C. hydrophilia.

D. hydrostasis.



15. The excretion of large volumes of urine (>3 L/day) is


A. glucosuria.

B. hyperuria.

C. polydipsia.

D. polyuria.



16. The excretion of less than 400 mL of urine per day is


A. anuria.

B. hypo Uria.

C. nocturia.

D. oliguria.



17. All of the following conditions may produce nocturia


A. anuria.

B. pregnancy.

C. chronic renal disease.

D. fluid intake at night.




18. Which of the following will not influence the volume of

urine produced?

A. Diarrhoea

B. Exercise

C. Alcohol ingestion

D. Carbohydrate ingestion




19. The colour of normal urine is due to the pigment

A. bilirubin.

B. urobilin.

C. uroerythrin.

D. urochrome



20. Which of the following substances can change the color

of a urine and its foam?

A. Bilirubin

B. Haemoglobin

C. Myoglobin

D. Urobilin



21. Which of the following solutes is measured when using

the reagent strip specific gravity method?

A. Albumin

B. Glucose

C. Sodium

D. Radiographic media



22. Urine pH can be modified by all of the following except

A. diet.

B. increased ingestion of water.

C. ingestion of medications.

D. urinary tract infections.



23. Which of the following substances if present in the urine

results in a negative Clinitest?

A. Fructose

B. Lactose

C. Galactose

D. Sucrose


24. Which of the following ketones is not detected by the

reagent strip or tablet test?

A. Acetone

B. Acetoacetate

C. Acetone and acetoacetate

D. β-Hydroxybutyrate



25. The classic Ehrlich’s reaction is based on the reaction of

urobilinogen with

A. diazotized dichloroaniline.

B. p-aminobenzoic acid.

C. p-dichlorobenzene diazonium salt.

D. p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde.




26. Which of the available chemical principles is most

specific for the detection of urobilinogen?

A. Ictotest

B. Ehrlich’s reaction

C. Azo coupling reaction

D. Double sequential enzyme reaction



27. The microscopic identification of hemosiderin is

enhanced when the urine sediment is stained with

A. Gram stain.

B. Hansel stain.

C. Prussian blue stain.

D. Sudan III stain.



28. Which of the following urinary tract structures is not

lined with transitional epithelium?

A. Bladder

B. Nephrons

C. Renal pelves

D. Ureters


29. Urinary casts are formed in

A. the distal and collecting tubules.

B. the distal tubules and the loops of Henle.

C. the proximal and distal tubules.

D. the proximal tubules and the loops of Henle.



30. Urinary casts are formed with a core matrix of

A. albumin.

B. Bence Jones protein.

C. transferrin.

D. uromodulin.


31. All of the following can be found incorporated into a

cast matrix except

A. bacteria.

B. crystals.

C. transitional epithelial cells.

D. white blood cells.



32. When using brightfield microscopy, mucus threads can

be difficult to differentiate from

A. cloth fibers.

B. hyaline casts.

C. pigmented casts.

D. waxy casts.




  1-   AMERICAN LAB TECHNOLOGIST EXAM QUESTION ANSWER 2-  Clinical Chemistry mcqs for Medical Lab Technologist, 3-   Lab Technician Previous...

Popular Post