Human disease caused by bacteria- viruses-deficiency-infections

Human disease caused by bacteria- viruses-deficiency-infectionsबैक्टीरिया- वायरस-कमी-संक्रमण के कारण मानव रोग

1.Goitre disorder is caused by deficiency of
(a) Iron
(b) Protein
(c) Retinol
(d) Iodine

Answer: (d)
2.Which one of the following diseases is caused by bacteria
(b) Small pox
(c) Measles
(d) Tuberculosis

Answer: (d)
3.Bone cancer belongs to the category of
(a) Leukemia
(b) Lymphoma
(c) Sarcoma
(d) Carcenoma

Answer: (c)
4.AIDS day
(a) May 1
(b) December 20
(c) June 1
(d) December 1

Answer: (d)
5.One of the following is mainly infected by HIV (AIIMS)
(a) Helper T-lymphocytes
(b) Killer T-lymphocytes
(c) Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes
(d) Memory T-lymphocytes

Answer: (a)
6.Which one is carcinoma? (GUJARAT-CET)
(a) Cancer of lymph glands
(b) Cancer of muscle
(c) Cancer of blood
(d) Melanoma cancer of skin

Answer: (d)
7.HIV is a member of a group of viruses called (DPMT)
(a) Bacteriophages
(b) Lysogenic viruses
(c) Retroviruses
(d) Gemini viruses

Answer: (c)
8.Incubation period of typhoid is
(a) 7 – 17 days
(b) 5 – 10 days
(c) 1 – 5 days
(d) 3 – 4 days

Answer: (a)
9.Diseases of the heart, joints and nervous system are called
(a) communicable diseases.
(b) degenerative diseases
(c) deficiency diseases
(d) allergies

Answer: (b)
10.Insulin deficiency causes
(a) Huntington’s chorea
(b) Cretinism
(c) Diabetes insipidus
(d) Diabetes mellitus

Answer: (d)
11.Pernicious anaemia is caused by the deficiency of vitamin
(a) B1/Thiamine
(b) B12/Cobalamine
(c) C/Ascorbic acid
(d) D/Calaciferol

Answer: (b)
12.Kala-azar is caused by
(a) Taenia solium
(b) Trypanosoma gambiense
(c) Leishmania donovani
(d) Wuchereria bancrofti

Answer: (c)
13.Disease caused by Trypanosoma gambiense is
(a) Sleeping sickness
(b) Kala-azar
(c) Diphtheria
(d) Dysentery
Answer: (a)

14.       Which one of the following diseases is a communicable?
(a) rickets
(b) amoebiasis
(c) diabetes
(d) cancer       

Answer: (b)
15.       AIDS virus spreads in the body through
(a) Suppressor T-cells
(b) Carrier T-cells
(c) Helper T-cells
(d) Killer T-cells          

Answer: (c)
16.       The cells which act as parasites in the body (AIIMS)
(a) Schwann cells
(b) Hepatocytes
(c) Kupffer’s cells
(d) Cancer cells          

Answer: (d)
17.       TAB vaccine is useful against (AIIMS)
(a) Polio
(b) Diptheria
(c) Pertussis
(d) Typhoid     

Answer: (d)
18.       Which of the following specimen is tested the most for the detection of carrier of typhoid?
(a) Urine
(b) Blood
(c) Faeces
(d) Sputum     

Answer: (c)
19.       The pathogen of the typhoid is directly transmitted through
(a) urine
(b) water
(c) blood
(d) cerebrospinal fluid

Answer: (b)
20.       Scurvy disease is caused by the deficiency of vitamin
(a) B complex
(b) C
(c) D
(d) K    

Answer: (b)
21.       Select the vital disease
(a) Diabetes
(b) Tetanus
(c) Leprosy
(d) Poliomyelitis         

Answer: (d)
22.       A sexually transmitted bacterial disease is
(a) AIDS
(b) Syphilis
(c) Herpes
(d) Hepatitis   

Answer: (b)
23.       AIDS is due to
(a) reduction in number of helper T-cells
(b) Reduction in number of killer T-cells
(c) Autoimmunity
(d) Non-production of interferons     

Answer: (a)
24.       A disease transferred from mother to child through placenta is (AIIMS)
(a) German measles
(b) Syphilis
(c) AIDS
(d) all of the above    

Answer: (d)
25.       Kwashiorkor, a disorder of children is due to 
(a) Protein/essential amino acid deficiency
(b) Carbohydrate deficiency
(c) Genetic problem
(d) Vitamin deficiency           

Answer: (a)
26.       Down’s syndrome is caused by
(a) Monosomy of 21 chromosome
(b) Trisomy of 21st chromosome
(c) Deletion in chromosome
(d) Duplication of chromosome         

Answer: (b)
27.       Smoking may cause cancer of
(a) Lung
(b) Liver
(c) Skin
(d) Cervix       

Answer: (a)
28.       AIIDs spreads through (AMU)
(a) Blood transfusion
(b) Placental transmission
(c) Sexual contact
(d) all of the above    

Answer: (d)
29.       AIDS is characterized by sharp reduction in number of (Aiims)
(a) Helper T-cells
(b) Killer T-cells
(c) Suppressor T-cells
(d) B-lymphocytes      

Answer: (a)
30.       What is correct? (CBSE)
(a) Malignant tumours may exhibit metastasis
(b) Patients who have undergone surgery are given cannabinoids to relieve pain
(c) Benign tumours show metastasis
(d) Heroin accelerates body functions          

Answer: (a)
31.       Widal test is based on
(a) Serological interaction
(b) Sonography
(c) Endoscopy
(d) Angiography         

Answer: (a)
32.       AIDS causing HIV principally infects (Aiims delhi)
(a) All lymphocytes
(b) Activator B-cells
(c) T4 lymphocytes
(d) Cytotoxic T-cells   

Answer: (c)
33.       After entering a T-cell, HIV first forms .
(a) mRNA
(b) ssDNA
(c) dsDNA
(d) dsRNA       

Answer: (b)
34.       Which of the followings is a structural changes in cancer cells?
(a) Apoplasia
(b) Metastasis
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neithr (a) nor (b)  

Answer: (a)
35.       Malaria is caused by _____.
(a) Ascaris
(b) Plasmodium
(c) Entamoeba
(d) Trypanosoma        

Answer: (b)
36.       Scurvy is developed due to the deficiency of
(a) iodine
(b) vitamin B
(c) vitamin A
(d) vitamin C  

Answer: (d)
37.       Small pox and rabies are caused by (BHU)
(a) Bacterium
(b) Virus
(c) Protozoan
(d) Nematode 

Answer: (b)
38.       Sarcoma is cancer of (AIIMS)
(a) Bones
(b) Adipose tissue
(c) Connective tissue and muscular tissue
(d) All of the above    

Answer: (d)
39.       Most of the tumours /
(a) Malignant
(b) Benign
(c) Related to carcinoma
(d) Sample boils         

Answer: (b)
40.       Inactive cancer gene is called ?(BHU)
(a) Transposon
(b) Proto-oncogene
(c) Tumour promoter gene
(d) Tumour suppressor gene 

Answer: (b)
41.       ELISA – a test is helpful for the detection of which of the followings?
(a) Leprosy
(b) Cancer
(c) AIDS
(d) Malaria     

Answer: (c)
42.       The symptom of typhoid called intestinal hemorrhage occurs in ___ week of infection.
(a) 1st
(b) 2nd
(c) 3rd
(d) 4th

Answer: (c)
43.       Swine Flu is caused by
(a) HIV
(b) H1N1
(c) Herpes zostr
(d) Mumps virus         

Answer: (b)
44.       Infection of Ascaris occurs due to (BHU, MP-PMT)
(a) Contaminated food and water
(b) Mosquito bite
(c) Tse-tse fly
(d) Sand fly     

Answer: (a)
45.       Excessive bleeding from an injury is due to deficiency of (CBSE)
(a) Vitamin A
(b) Vitamin B
(c) Vitamin K
(d) Vitamin E  

Answer: (c)
46.       Typhoid is caused by a species of (RJPMT)
(a) Streptococcus
(b) Salmonella
(c) Staphylococcus
(d) Mycobacterium    

Answer: (b)
47.       Immune deficiency syndrome could develop due to (AIIMS)
(a) Defective liver
(b) Defective thymus
(c) AIDS virus
(d) Weak immune system      

Answer: (c)    
48.       Tumour enclosed in a capsule is (Pgimer)
(a) Malignant
(b) Benign
(c) Metastasis
(d) Basophils  

Answer: (b)
49.       Iodine deficiency causes ______ disease.
(a) Goiter
(b) Kwashiorkar
(c) Scurvy
(d) Anaemia   

Answer: (a)
50.       The branch which deals with the study of defense mechanism against diseases is called
(a) parasitology
(b) epidemiology
(c) immunology
(d) physiology 

Answer: (c)
51.       Disease existing at or before birth is.
(a) Congenital
(b) Communicable
(c) Noncommunicable
(d) none of these        

Answer: (a)
52.       Osteomalacia is due to deficiency of
(a) Vitamin D
(b) Vitamin K
(c) Vitamin A
(d) Vitamin E  

Answer: (a)
53.       A bacterial disease is (AIIMS)
(a) Leprosy
(b) Polio
(c) Chicken pox
(d) Influenza   

Answer: (a)
54.       AIDS is caused by (B.H.U.)
(a) Fungus
(b) Virus
(c) Bacterium
(d) Helminth   

Answer: (b)
55.       Carcinoma is cancer of (MHT-CET)
(a) Epithelial cells
(b) Connective tissue cells
(c) Bone cells
(d) Blood cells

Answer: (a)
56.       Benign tumour is the one which (MHT-CET)
(a) Shows metastasis
(b) Differentiated and capsulated
(c) Undifferentiated and non-capsulated
(d) Differentiated and non-capsulated          

Answer: (b)
57.       Most common type of Salmonella found in India is (CET)
(a) S. arizonae
(b) S. enteritidis
(c) S. typhi
(d) S. typhimurium     

Answer: (c)
58.       Western blot test is used for confirmation of (CG-SET)
(a) Typhoid
(b) HIV
(c) Cancer
(d) Malaria     

Answer: (b)
59.       Leprosy is ______ type of disease.
(a) Non-contagious
(b) contagious
(c) Allergic
(d) Hormonal 

Answer: (b)
60.       Frost bite is caused by
(a) chemical agent
(b) biological agent
(c) nutrient agent
(d) physical agent      

Answer: (d)
61.       Deficiency of iodine causes (MP-PMT)
(a) Tetany
(b) Cretinism
(c) Myxodema
(d) Goitre       

Answer: (d)
62.       Pair of viral diseases is.
(a) Ringwork, AIDS
(b) Typhoid, Tuberculosis
(c) Dysentery, common cold
(d) Common Cold, AIDS         

Answer: (d)
63.       Which of the following is known as slim disease?
(a) Leprosy
(b) Cancer
(c) Typhoid
(d) AIDS          

Answer: (d)
64.       Some protection is provided against carcinogens by (CGPMT)
(a) Penicillic acid
(b) Affatoxin
(c) Streptomycin
(d) Tocopherol/Vit. E 

Answer: (d)
65.       In AIDs the system which fails is (AIIMS DELHI)
(a) Digestive
(b) Repsiratory
(c) Defence
(d) Sensory     

Answer: (c)
66.       Enzyme responsible for replication of HIV is (AIIMS PATNA)
(a) RNA polymerase
(b) DNA ligase
(c) DNA polymerase
(d) Reverse transcriptase      

Answer: (d)
67.       Burkitt’s lymphoma is caused by (AIIMS)
(a) HIV
(b) Reovirus
(c) E-B virus
(d) None of the above

Answer: (c)
68.       Heamophilia disease can transfer through ______.
(a) Heredity
(b) Metal
(c) Pollutant
(d) Vector       

Answer: (a)
69..      Which of the following diseases is non contagious but infectious?
(a) leprosy
(c) measles
(d) mumps      

Answer: (b)
70.       A vector borne disease is
(a) Scurvy
(b) Influenza
(c) Kala-azar
(d) Tuberculosis         

Answer: (c)

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